Year : 2011  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 173-178

Comparison of two ventilation modes in post-cardiac surgical patients

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Aloka Samantaray
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati - 517 507, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1658-354X.82790

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Background: The cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)-associated atelectasis accounted for most of the marked post-CPB increase in shunt and hypoxemia. We hypothesized that pressure-regulated volume-control (PRVC) modes having a distinct theoretical advantage over pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) by providing the target tidal volume at the minimum available pressure may prove advantageous while ventilating these atelactic lungs. Methods: In this prospective study, 36 post-cardiac surgical patients with a PaO 2 /FiO 2 (arterial oxygen tension/Fractional inspired oxygen) < 300 after arrival to intensive care unit (ICU), (n = 34) were randomized to receive either PRVC or PCV. Air way pressure (Paw ) and arterial blood gases (ABG) were measured at four time points [T1: After induction of anesthesia, T2: after CPB (in the ICU), T3: 1 h after intervention mode, T4: 1 h after T3]. Oxygenation index (OI) = [PaO 2 / {FiO 2 × mean airway pressure (Pmean )}] was calculated for each set of data and used as an indirect estimation for intrapulmonary shunt. Results: There is a steady and significant improvement in OI in both the groups at first hour [PCV, 27.5(3.6) to 43.0(7.5); PRVC, 26.7(2.8) to 47.6(8.2) (P = 0.001)] and second hour [PCV, 53.8(6.4); PRVC, 65.8(7.4) (P = 0.001)] of ventilation. However, the improvement in OI was more marked in PRVC at second hour of ventilation owing to significant low mean air way pressure compared to the PCV group [PCV, 8.6(0.8); PRVC, 7.7(0.5), P = 0.001]. Conclusions: PRVC may be useful in a certain group of patients to reduce intrapulmonary shunt and improve oxygenation after cardiopulmonary bypass-induced perfusion mismatch.

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