ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 399-403

Entropy-guided end-tidal desflurane concentration during living donor liver transplantation


Department of Anesthesia and ICU, National Liver Institute, Menofia University, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ashraf S Hasanin
Department of Anesthesia and ICU, National Liver Institute, Menofia University, Shebeen Elkom, Menofia
Egypt
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Source of Support: National Liver Institute, Menofia University, Egypt, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1658-354X.121048

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Background: The three phases of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) represent different liver conditions. The aim is to study the required end-tidal desflurane concentration (ET-Des) guided with entropy monitoring for the depth of anesthesia. Methods: After the Ethics and Research Committee approval, 40 patients were included in this prospective study. Anesthesia was maintained with Desflurane-O2-air. State entropy (SE) and Response entropy (RE) were kept between 40 and 60. Results: Age and Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score were 45±10 years and 15.43±3.92, respectively. ET-Des were significantly lower in the anhepatic phase (2.8±0.4%) than in the pre-anhepatic and neohepatic phases (3.3±0.3%, 3.47±0.3%, respectively, P<0.001). The SE and RE for pre-anhepatic, anhepatic, and neohepatic phases were (45.6±3.7, 47.4±3.2), (44.7±2.1, 46.4±2.04), and (46.1±3.3, 47.9±3.3), respectively, with no significant changes between the phases, P > 0.05. Total operative time was 651±88 minutes, and for each phase it was 276±11, 195±55, and 191±24 minutes, respectively. Significant changes were found in hemoglobin g/dl and hematocrit % between the three phases (10.28±1.5, 30.48±4.3), (9.45±1.34, 28.36±4.1), and (8.88±1.1, 26.63±3.5), P<0.05. The heart rate and mean blood pressures were stable despite the cardiac index demonstrated a significant reduction during the anhepatic phase (2.99±0.22) when compared to the pre-anhepatic and neohepatic phases (3.60±0.29) and (4.72±0.32), respectively, ( P<0.05). There was a significant correlation between CI and ET-Des% (r=0.604, P<0.05). Conclusion: Inhalational anesthetic requirements differed from one phase to another during LDLT, with requirements being the least during the anhepatic phase. Monitoring of the anesthesia depth was required, to avoid excess administration, which could compromise the hemodynamics before the critical time of reperfusion.


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