REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 89-97

Neonatal pain management


1 Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine; Department of Anesthesiology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
2 Department of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital; Department of Pediatrics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
3 Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine; Department of Anesthesiology; Department of Pediatrics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Joseph D Tobias
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, Ohio 43205
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1658-354X.144085

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The past 2-3 decades have seen dramatic changes in the approach to pain management in the neonate. These practices started with refuting previously held misconceptions regarding nociception in preterm infants. Although neonates were initially thought to have limited response to painful stimuli, it was demonstrated that the developmental immaturity of the central nervous system makes the neonate more likely to feel pain. It was further demonstrated that untreated pain can have long-lasting physiologic and neurodevelopmental consequences. These concerns have resulted in a significant emphasis on improving and optimizing the techniques of analgesia for neonates and infants. The following article will review techniques for pain assessment, prevention, and treatment in this population with a specific focus on acute pain related to medical and surgical conditions.


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