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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 31-34

The STROBE guidelines

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Biomedical Building, University of Malta, Msida, Malta

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sarah Cuschieri
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Biomedical Building, University of Malta, Msida MSD 2080
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sja.SJA_543_18

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Date of Web Publication21-Feb-2019


An observational study is a type of epidemiological study design, which can take the form of a cohort, a case–control, or a cross-sectional study. When presenting observational studies in manuscripts, an author needs to ascertain a clear presentation of the work and provide the reader with appropriate information to enable critical appraisal of the research. The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) guidelines were created to aid the author in ensuring high-quality presentation of the conducted observational study. The original articles publishing the STROBE guidelines together with their bibliographies were identified and thoroughly reviewed. These guidelines consist of 22 checklist items that the author needs to fulfil before submitting the manuscript to a journal. The STROBE guidelines were created to aid the authors in presenting their work and not to act as a validation tool for the conducted study or as a framework to conduct an observational study on. The authors complying with these guidelines are more likely to succeed in publishing their observational study work in a journal.

Keywords: Data reporting; epidemiology; observational studies; publishing; research design

How to cite this article:
Cuschieri S. The STROBE guidelines. Saudi J Anaesth 2019;13, Suppl S1:31-4

How to cite this URL:
Cuschieri S. The STROBE guidelines. Saudi J Anaesth [serial online] 2019 [cited 2021 Dec 5];13, Suppl S1:31-4. Available from:

  Introduction Top

Different epidemiological study designs are available and are adopted by a researcher depending on the research question at hand. An observational study is one type of epidemiological study design, which can be in the form of a cohort, a case–control, or a cross-sectional study. This type of study design (observational) is defined as a nonexperimental research, where the researcher observes a particular environmental behavior without artificially controlling the environment under study. To ascertain high-quality reporting of observational studies, the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) guidelines were developed following a collaborative initiative of epidemiologists, methodologists, statisticians, researchers, and journal editors in 2004.[1] These guidelines were created to aid in the presentation of the conducted observational study to ensure adequate reporting (what was planned, done, found, and concluded) as well as assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the study.[1],[2] Such study information is of vital importance in a manuscript since this will determine whether the established results can be included in systemic reviews later on.[3],[4] Furthermore, the STROBE guidelines enable the journal's editor, reviewers, and the readers to critically appraise the study.[1]

  The STROBE Guidelines Top

The aim of the STROBE guidelines was to provide a readily available checklist to ensure a clear presentation of what was planned and conducted in an observational study. These studies are set out to investigate the associations between an exposure and a health outcome. In no way were these guidelines established to provide a methodological framework for conducting an observational study.[1] Nor were the guidelines developed as an instrument for quality evaluation of observational research.[2] Furthermore, the guidelines were not aimed to bring forward standardization of manuscripts but rather to encourage the production of interesting and narrative articles while maintaining transparency.[5]

  The Strobe Checklist Top

A total of 22 checklist items contribute to the STROBE guidelines. Eighteen items are common to all the three observational designs, that is, cohort, cross-sectional, and case–control studies. However, the remaining four checklist items (items number 6, 12, 14, and 15) have specific variations according to the study design. [Table 1] exhibits the STROBE guidelines as published by Vandenbroucke et al.[1] The following is an abbreviated explanation of the checklist items.
Table 1: STROBE guidelines

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  Item 1: Title and Abstract Top

The adopted study design should be part of the manuscript title to ensure correct indexing of the manuscript in electronic databases. Indexing of the published manuscript is of utmost importance to ensure visibility of a researcher's work and increase the citation potential of the published manuscript. Citation of published manuscripts is imperative for the enhancement of the researcher's research metrics and for increasing the prestigious acknowledgement of the researcher and his or her work within the scientific community.[6] The abstract should include a brief summary of the study and present only information found within the actual body of the manuscript.

  Items 2 and 3: Introduction Top

The introduction should consist of background information that will set the scene for the study and the objective of the study. The objective states the researcher's intentions for conducting the study and potential hypotheses that may arise from such work.

  Items 4–12: Methods Top

The methods section should provide a clear description of the study design at an early stage. This will enable the reader to understand the basis of the study and be able to critically appraise the study's methodology. The STROBE guidelines do not allow the use of the words “prospective” or “retrospective” or “concurrent” or “historical,” but rather encourage the researcher to describe the actual methodology.[1]

Information on the tools of measurement, setting, and locations should be reported to enhance the reader's understanding of the study's results. The reporting of the participants' recruitment procedure will vary depending on the type of observation design being conducted. Therefore, it is important that the researcher is knowledgeable about the epidemiological methodological design for each different observational study (i.e., cohort, case–control, or cross-sectional, respectively).

All the variables considered for the descriptive and statistical analysis of the study need to be noted down within the methods section. This also includes the reporting of any specific cut-off points implemented during the analysis. It is essential that any exposures, confounders, or outcomes measurements are accounted for and reported for the reader to critically appraise the study's reliability and validity. The inclusion and exclusion criteria and methods to overcome any potential bias should be noted down as well.

The method used to establish the study size needs to be reported along with the confidence intervals considered. This is essential for the reader to ascertain whether sufficient statistical precision has been attained in the study.[1]

The reporting of statistical analysis will vary depending on the study design (i.e., cohort, case–control, or cross-sectional). However, it is important that all statistical methods and adjustments for potential confounders or missing data are noted down clearly.

  Items 13–17: Results Top

The results section should give an in-depth account of the response rate and the description of the study population along with the main descriptive and analytical results. The information provided will depend on the type of observational design (i.e., cohort, case–control, or cross-sectional) followed by the researcher and the corresponding statistical analysis performed.

  Items 18–21: Discussion Top

The discussion should address all the central issues of the study including the validity of the study. The objective/s of the study should be kept in mind while discussing the findings. Comparisons to already published literature are essential. It may be appropriate for the discussion section to be subdivided into different sections to enable better interpretation of the study findings. The researcher should provide an objective assessment of the findings and avoid overinterpretations. Potential confounder effects that might have had an effect on the results and associations obtained in the study should be considered. Therefore, it is imperative to note down potential limitations faced by the study, while noting any bias that might have been present. Furthermore, researchers have to keep in mind that causality of a particular outcome cannot be established in most study designs, unless a longitudinal cohort study has been conducted. Therefore, this fact needs to be acknowledged during the discussion and may act as a study limitation for certain study designs. Study limitations go hand in hand with recommendations for further research to validate the study or further establish associations that were revealed by the study.

  Item 22: Funding and Sponsorship Top

The source of funding and the role of the funders in the study are essential pieces of information that are required at the end of the article. This is accompanied with any conflict of interest of both the author/s and the funders.

  Conclusion Top

A substantial number of journals are requesting authors to follow the STROBE guidelines before submitting their observational-study-inspired manuscript. Having a thorough understanding of the STROBE guidelines is therefore becoming a requisite for authors who wish to conduct and publish an observational study. These guidelines have been formulated as an aid to authors to enable them to construct an adequately presented manuscript that allows the reader to fully comprehend and critically appraise the manuscript.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Vandenbroucke JP, von Elm E, Altman DG, Gøtzsche PC, Mulrow CD, Pocock SJ, et al. Strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE): Explanation and elaboration. PLoS Med 2007;4:e297.  Back to cited text no. 1
von Elm E, Altman DG, Egger M, Pocock SJ, Gøtzsche PC, Vandenbroucke JP, et al. Strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE) statement: Guidelines for reporting observational studies. BMJ 2007;335:806-8.  Back to cited text no. 2
Jüni P, Altman DG, Egger M. Systematic reviews in health care: Assessing the quality of controlled clinical trials. BMJ 2001;323:42-6.  Back to cited text no. 3
Egger M, Schneider M, Davey Smith G. Spurious precision? Meta-analysis of observational studies. BMJ 1998;316:140-4.  Back to cited text no. 4
Schriger DL. Suggestions for improving the reporting of clinical research: The role of narrative. Ann Emerg Med 2005;45:437-43.  Back to cited text no. 5
Cuschieri S. WASP (Write a scientific paper): Understanding research metrics. Early Hum Dev 2018;118:67-71.  Back to cited text no. 6


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55 Scorpion species of medical importance in the Brazilian Amazon: a review to identify knowledge gaps
Jonas Gama Martins, Gabrielle Cristina Santos, Rudi Emerson de Lima Procópio, Eliane Candiani Arantes, Karla de Castro Figueiredo Bordon
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases. 2021; 27
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56 Oral behaviors, bruxism, malocclusion and painful temporomandibular joint clicking: is there an association?
Rodrigo Lorenzi POLUHA, Giancarlo De la Torre CANALES, Leonardo Rigoldi BONJARDIM, Paulo César Rodrigues CONTI
Brazilian Oral Research. 2021; 35
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57 Relationship between quadriceps thickness and 60-second sit-to-stand test in patients with chronic kidney disease
Marthley J. C. Costa, Frederico C. B. Cavalcanti, Shirley Dias Bezerra, José Candido de Araújo Filho, Juliana Fernandes, Patrícia E. M. Marinho
Brazilian Journal of Nephrology. 2021;
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58 Pain Intensity and Sensory Perception of Tender Points in Female Patients with Fibromyalgia: A Pilot Study
Edurne Úbeda-D'Ocasar, Juan Antonio Valera-Calero, Juan Pablo Hervás-Pérez, Mario Caballero-Corella, Cristina Ojedo-Martín, Gracia María Gallego-Sendarrubias
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4): 1461
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59 Participation Restrictions among Children and Young Adults with Acquired Brain Injury in a Pediatric Outpatient Rehabilitation Cohort: The Patients’ and Parents’ Perspective
Florian Allonsius, Arend de Kloet, Gary Bedell, Frederike van Markus-Doornbosch, Stefanie Rosema, Jorit Meesters, Thea Vliet Vlieland, Menno van der Holst
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4): 1625
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60 Prevalence and Associated Factors of Polypharmacy in Nursing Home Residents: A Cross-Sectional Study
Raquel Cadenas, María José Diez, Nélida Fernández, Juan José García, Ana M. Sahagún, Matilde Sierra, Cristina López, Julen Susperregui, Raquel Díez
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4): 2037
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61 Knowledge, Emotions and Stressors in Front-Line Healthcare Workers during the COVID-19 Outbreak in Mexico
Yazmín Hernández-Díaz, Alma Delia Genis-Mendoza, Ana Fresán, Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Isela Esther Juárez-Rojop, María Lilia López-Narváez, José Jaime Martínez-Magaña, Humberto Nicolini
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11): 5622
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62 A Cross-Sectional Study to Assess the Frequency and Risk Factors Associated with Cesarean Section in Southern Punjab, Pakistan
Muhammad Fawad Rasool, Saira Akhtar, Iltaf Hussain, Abdul Majeed, Imran Imran, Hamid Saeed, Muqarrab Akbar, Muhammad Omer Chaudhry, Anees ur Rehman, Waseem Ashraf, Faleh Alqahtani, Hussain Alqhtani
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(16): 8812
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63 Association between Self-Reported Chewing Status and Glycemic Control in Japanese Adults
Komei Iwai, Tetsuji Azuma, Takatoshi Yonenaga, Daisuke Ekuni, Kazutoshi Watanabe, Akihiro Obora, Fumiko Deguchi, Takao Kojima, Manabu Morita, Takaaki Tomofuji
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18): 9548
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64 Is Shear-Wave Elastography a Clinical Severity Indicator of Myofascial Pain Syndrome? An Observational Study
Juan Antonio Valera-Calero, Sandra Sánchez-Jorge, Jorge Buffet-García, Umut Varol, Gracia María Gallego-Sendarrubias, Javier Álvarez-González
Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(13): 2895
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65 Increased Risks of Death and Hospitalization in Influenza/Pneumonia and Sepsis for Individuals Affected by Psychotic Disorders, Bipolar Disorders, and Single Manic Episodes: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study
Niklas Harry Nilsson, Marie Bendix, Louise Öhlund, Micael Widerström, Ursula Werneke, Martin Maripuu
Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(19): 4411
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66 Risk factors for major complications after liver resection: A large liver resection study from Morocco and audit of a non-Eastern/non-Western experience
A. Benkabbou, A. Souadka, H. Hachim, A. Awab, M. Alilou, B. Serji, H.O. El Malki, R. Mohsine, L. Ifrine, E. Vibert, A. Belkouchi
Arab Journal of Gastroenterology. 2021; 22(3): 229
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67 American college of surgeons NSQIP pancreatic surgery publications: A critical appraisal of the quality of methodological reporting
Hussein H. Khachfe, Joseph R. Habib, Hamza A. Salhab, Mohamad Y. Fares, Mohamad A. Chahrour, Faek R. Jamali
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68 Early vs. Late Vassopressor therapy in the Management of Patients with Sepsis and Hypotension, A Multicenter Observational Study
Ayano Kusakabe, Amy Sweeny, Gerben Keijzers
Archives of Medical Research. 2021; 52(8): 836
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69 Analysis of risk factors for surgical site infection and postoperative recurrence following inguinal and femoral hernia surgery in adults
Shuzo Kohno, Takuo Hasegawa, Hiroaki Aoki, Masaichi Ogawa, Kazuhiko Yoshida, Katsuhiko Yanaga, Toru Ikegami
Asian Journal of Surgery. 2021;
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70 Dissecting the Management and Outcomes of Thoracic Aortovascular Disease During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Iain McPherson, Nicholas Chilvers, Kathrin Freystaetter, Ashwin Sivaharan, Mazyar Kanani, Robin Williams, James McCaslin, Sandip Nandhra, Karen Booth
Annals of Vascular Surgery. 2021; 75: 120
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71 Are Vascular Parameters Associated with Walking Impairment in Patients with Claudication?
Gustavo Oliveira da Silva, Marilia de Almeida Correia, Paulo Longano Mesquita de Oliveira, Breno Quintella Farah, Lauro C. Vianna, Pedro Puech-Leão, Nelson Wolosker, Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias
Annals of Vascular Surgery. 2021;
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72 COVID-19 induces proatherogenic alterations in moderate to severe non-comorbid patients: A single-center observational study
Louise F. Kimura, Morena B. Sant'Anna, Sonia A. Andrade, Matteo C. Ebram, Cristiane F.G. Lima, Rosa M.G. Celano, Ruy F.M. Viégas, Gisele Picolo
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases. 2021; 92: 102604
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73 Protocols and assessment procedures in fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing: an updated systematic review
Aline Prikladnicki, Márcia Grassi Santana, Maria Cristina Cardoso
Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. 2021;
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74 Measuring functional outcome in upper extremity soft tissue sarcoma: Validation of the Toronto Extremity Salvage Score and the QuickDASH patient-reported outcome instruments
Helena Ketola, Gilber Kask, Ian Barner-Rasmussen, Erkki Tukiainen, Carl Blomqvist, Minna K Laitinen, Hannu Kautiainen, Juha Kiiski MD, Jussi P. Repo
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75 Impact du curage ganglionnaire cervical dans la prise en charge par chimioradiothérapie exclusive des cancers de l’oropharynx de stade N2-3 : étude observationnelle en vie réelle
G. Klausner, I. Troussier, S. Kreps, E. Fabiano, O. Laccourreye, P. Giraud
Cancer/Radiothérapie. 2021; 25(8): 771
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76 Deviations in criminal filings of child abuse and neglect during COVID-19 from forecasted models: An analysis of the state of Oklahoma, USA
John Whelan, Micah Hartwell, Tessa Chesher, Sara Coffey, Amy D. Hendrix, Sarah J. Passmore, Michael A. Baxter, Margaret den Harder, Benjamin Greiner
Child Abuse & Neglect. 2021; 116: 104863
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77 Attrition in HIV care following HIV diagnosis: a comparison of the pre-UTT and UTT eras in South Africa
Dorina Onoya, Cheryl Hendrickson, Tembeka Sineke, Mhairi Maskew, Lawrence Long, Jacob Bor, Matthew P. Fox
Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2021; 24(2)
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78 Renal function in patients with intestinal failure receiving home parenteral support
Sophie Maria Mathiesen, Kristian Asp Fuglsang, Giovanna Ranzato, Thomas Scheike, Palle Bekker Jeppesen
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. 2021;
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79 Mediterranean lifestyle patterns are associated with cognition in older adults
Eirini Mamalaki, Dimitrios Poulimeneas, Mary H. Kosmidis, Mary Yannakoulia
Lifestyle Medicine. 2021; 2(2)
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80 Assessing the quality of studies in meta-research: Review/guidelines on the most important quality assessment tools
Claudio Luchini, Nicola Veronese, Alessia Nottegar, Jae Il Shin, Giovanni Gentile, Umberto Granziol, Pinar Soysal, Ovidiu Alexinschi, Lee Smith, Marco Solmi
Pharmaceutical Statistics. 2021; 20(1): 185
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81 Normal inflammatory markers and acute appendicitis: a national multicentre prospective cohort analysis
J. de Jonge, J. C. G. Scheijmans, C. C. van Rossem, A. A. W. van Geloven, M. A. Boermeester, W. A. Bemelman, G. J. Van Acker, B. Akkermans, G. J. Akkersdijk, G. D. Algie, J. H. Allema, C. S. Andeweg, N. Appeldoorn, J. G. van Baal, C. M. den Bakker, S. A. Bartels, C. van den Berg, B. Boekestijn, F. C. den Boer, D. Boerma, A. L. van den Boom, M. C. Boute, S. A. Bouwense, J. Bransen, F. A. van Brussel, O. R. Busch, S. M. de Castro, H. A. Cense, C. Croese, T. van Dalen, I. Dawson, E. van Dessel, R. Dettmers, N. Dhar, F. Y. Dohmen, K. W. van Dongen, P. van Duijvendijk, R. R. Dulfer, B. J. Dwars, J. P. Eerenberg, M. van der Elst, E. van den Ende, L. M. Fassaert, J. T. Fikkers, J. W. Foppen, E. J. Furnee, F. P. Garssen, M. F. Gerhards, H. van Goor, J. S. de Graaf, L. J. Graat, J. Groot, A. C. van der Ham, J. F. Hamming, J. T. Hamminga, E. van der Harst, J. Heemskerk, A. Heijne, J. T. Heikens, E. Heineman, R. Hertogs, E. van Heurn, L. C. van den Hil, A. G. Hooftwijk, C. C. Hulsker, D. R. Hunen
International Journal of Colorectal Disease. 2021; 36(7): 1507
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82 Pre-medication with oral anticoagulants is associated with better outcomes in a large multinational COVID-19 cohort with cardiovascular comorbidities
Marina Rieder, Nadine Gauchel, Klaus Kaier, Carolin Jakob, Stefan Borgmann, Annika Y. Classen, Jochen Schneider, Lukas Eberwein, Martin Lablans, Maria Rüthrich, Sebastian Dolff, Kai Wille, Martina Haselberger, Hanno Heuzeroth, Christoph Bode, Constantin von zur Mühlen, Siegbert Rieg, Daniel Duerschmied
Clinical Research in Cardiology. 2021;
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83 Patellar height after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty: comparison between fixed and mobile bearing
Riccardo D’Ambrosi, Matteo Buda, Alessandro Nuara, Ilaria Mariani, Michele Scelsi, Federico Valli, Nicola Ursino, Michael Tobias Hirschmann
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery. 2021;
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84 Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair in patients with obesity: should we be scared of body mass index?
Marianna Maspero, Camillo Leonardo Bertoglio, Lorenzo Morini, Bruno Alampi, Michele Mazzola, Valerio Girardi, Andrea Zironda, Gisella Barone, Carmelo Magistro, Giovanni Ferrari
Surgical Endoscopy. 2021;
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85 Frequency and characteristics of dysautonomic symptoms in multiple sclerosis: a cross-sectional double-center study with the validated Italian version of the Composite Autonomic Symptom Score-31
Matteo Foschi, Giulia Giannini, Elena Merli, Luca Mancinelli, Corrado Zenesini, Beatrice Viti, Pietro Guaraldi, Pietro Cortelli, Alessandra Lugaresi
Neurological Sciences. 2021; 42(4): 1395
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86 Resource utilization and disaggregated cost analysis of bariatric surgery in the Australian public healthcare system
Qing Xia, Julie A. Campbell, Hasnat Ahmad, Barbara de Graaff, Lei Si, Petr Otahal, Kevin Ratcliffe, Julie Turtle, John Marrone, Mohammed Huque, Barry Hagan, Matthew Green, Andrew J. Palmer
The European Journal of Health Economics. 2021;
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87 Coverage of isoniazid preventive therapy among people living with HIV; A retrospective cohort study in Tanzania (2012-2016)
Werner Maokola, Bernard Ngowi, Lovetti Lawson, Masanja Robert, Michael Mahande, Jim Todd, Sia Msuya
International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2021; 103: 562
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88 Increased tracheostomy rates in head and neck cancer surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic
T.K. Batra, M.R. Tilak, E. Pai, N. Verma, B.K. Gupta, G. Yadav, R.K. Dubey, N.J. Francis, M. Pandey
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 2021; 50(8): 989
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89 The epidemiology of hospital inpatient exposure to SARS-CoV-2: A cohort study
Rhys D. Wenlock, Matija Tausan, George Stoyle, Holly Hendron, Oscar Buchanan, Zachary Tait, Bethany Whittle, Samuel McInerney, Jessica Blackaby, Andrew Davies, Martin Still, Catherine Sargent
Infection Prevention in Practice. 2021; 3(3): 100173
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90 Chronic kidney disease patients with intertrochanteric fracture have a high mortality rate
Tae Woo Kim, Sang-Min Lee, Nam Hoon Moon, Won Chul Shin
Injury. 2021; 52(8): 2350
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91 Predictive Value of Geriatric Oncology Screening and Geriatric Assessment in Older Patients with Solid Cancers: Protocol for a Danish prospective cohort study (PROGNOSIS-G8)
Helena Møgelbjerg Ditzel, Ann-Kristine Weber Giger, Cecilia Margareta Lund, Henrik Jørn Ditzel, Afsaneh Mohammadnejad, Per Pfeiffer, Jesper Ryg, Trine Lembrecht Jørgensen, Marianne Ewertz
Journal of Geriatric Oncology. 2021; 12(8): 1270
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92 Include-integrate-involve: Deciphering oral healthcare providers’ professional demeanor towards sexual and gender minority cohorts in a metropolitan city of western India
Vaibhav Kumar, Swarali Atre, Romi Jain, Nikhil Bhanushali, Shishir Singh, Siddhi Chaudhari
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research. 2021; 11(2): 149
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93 Contribution of ultrasonography to the prediction of the induction-delivery interval: The ECOLDIA prospective multicenter cohort study
Chloé Arthuis, Jérôme Potin, Norbert Winer, Elsa Tavernier, Julie Paternotte, Anna Ramos, Franck Perrotin, Caroline Diguisto
Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction. 2021; 50(10): 102196
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94 Comparison of open- and closed-cell stent design outcomes after carotid artery stenting in the Vascular Quality Initiative
Muhammad Faateh, Hanaa Dakour-Aridi, Asma Mathlouthi, Satinderjit Locham, Isaac Naazie, Mahmoud Malas
Journal of Vascular Surgery. 2021; 73(5): 1639
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95 Disturbances of brain cholesterol metabolism: A new excitotoxic process associated with status epilepticus
Aurélie Hanin, Paul Baudin, Sophie Demeret, Delphine Roussel, Sarah Lecas, Elisa Teyssou, Maria Damiano, David Luis, Virginie Lambrecq, Valerio Frazzini, Maxens Decavèle, Isabelle Plu, Dominique Bonnefont-Rousselot, Randa Bittar, Foudil Lamari, Vincent Navarro
Neurobiology of Disease. 2021; 154: 105346
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96 Patients' attitudes and perspectives on perioperative clinical photography
Ibraheem Y. Qudaisat, Nour Z. Al-Ma'abreh, Saja M. Alkhalaileh, Dia'aldeen S. Sulaiman, Mohammed Qussay Al-Sabbagh
Perioperative Care and Operating Room Management. 2021; 24: 100178
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97 Heme oxygenase-1 in blood and saliva during acute psychosis: A pilot study
Thomas Bertrand, Ayda Tavitian, Julia M. Galindez, Vimal Kothari, Shrisha Mohit, Carmela Galindez, Adrienne Liberman, Judy Glass, Ana M. Velly, Mervyn Gornitsky, Karl Looper, Soham Rej, Hyman M. Schipper
Psychiatry Research. 2021; 299: 113857
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98 Emerging health challenges for children with physical disabilities and their parents during the COVID-19 pandemic: The ECHO French survey
Marine Cacioppo, Sandra Bouvier, Rodolphe Bailly, Laetitia Houx, Mathieu Lempereur, Johanne Mensah-Gourmel, Christèle Kandalaft, Roxane Varengue, Alain Chatelin, Jacky Vagnoni, Carole Vuillerot, Vincent Gautheron, Mickael Dinomais, Elea Dheilly, Sylvain Brochard, Christelle Pons
Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. 2021; 64(3): 101429
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99 Peripheral perfusion index and diagnostic accuracy of the post-ROSC electrocardiogram in patients with medical out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
Sara Compagnoni, Francesca Romana Gentile, Enrico Baldi, Enrico Contri, Alessandra Palo, Roberto Primi, Alessia Currao, Sara Bendotti, Paola Ziliani, Maurizio Ferrario Ormezzano, Luigi Oltrona Visconti, Simone Savastano
Resuscitation. 2021; 168: 19
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100 Is glyphosate toxic to bees? A meta-analytical review
Lucas Battisti, Michele Potrich, Amanda Roberta Sampaio, Nédia de Castilhos Ghisi, Fabiana Martins Costa-Maia, Raiza Abati, Claudia Bueno dos Reis Martinez, Silvia Helena Sofia
Science of The Total Environment. 2021; 767: 145397
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101 Social relationship experiences of transgender people and their relational partners: A meta-synthesis
Tom Lewis, David Matthew Doyle, Manuela Barreto, Debby Jackson
Social Science & Medicine. 2021; 282: 114143
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102 All-cause mortality in COVID-19 patients receiving statin therapy: analysis of veterans affairs database cohort study
Ali A. El-Solh, Yolanda Lawson, Daniel A. El-Solh
Internal and Emergency Medicine. 2021;
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103 COVID-19 and Selenium Deficiency: a Systematic Review
Mohammad Fakhrolmobasheri, Sadegh Mazaheri-Tehrani, Marek Kieliszek, Mehrdad Zeinalian, Mehdi Abbasi, Fateme Karimi, Amir Mohamad Mozafari
Biological Trace Element Research. 2021;
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104 Analysis of Protein Immunoexpression and Its Interrelationship in the Pathogenesis of Odontomas and Ameloblastic Fibro-Odontomas: A Systematic Review
Glória Maria de França, Juliana Campos Pinheiro, Dennys Ramon de Melo Fernandes Almeida, Gabriel Gomes da Silva, Kênio Costa de Lima, Pedro Paulo de Andrade Santos, Hébel Cavalcanti Galvão
Head and Neck Pathology. 2021; 15(3): 955
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105 One-year evaluation of anorectal functionality and quality of life in patients affected by mid-to-low rectal cancer treated with transanal total mesorectal excision
Veronica De Simone, Roberto Persiani, Alberto Biondi, Francesco Litta, Angelo Parello, Paola Campennì, Raffaele Orefice, Angelo Marra, Alessandra Costa, Domenico D’Ugo, Carlo Ratto
Updates in Surgery. 2021; 73(1): 157
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106 It is really time to retire laparoscopic gastric banding? Positive outcomes after long-term follow-up: the management is the key
Francesco Saverio Lucido, Giuseppe Scognamiglio, Giusiana Nesta, Gianmattia del Genio, Stefano Cristiano, Francesco Pizza, Salvatore Tolone, Luigi Brusciano, Simona Parisi, Stefano Pagnotta, Claudio Gambardella
Updates in Surgery. 2021;
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107 Zusammenhang zwischen Stilldauer und Early Childhood Caries
Friedrich Kuminek, Wieland Kiess, Antje Körner, Christian Hirsch, Yvonne Wagner
Oralprophylaxe & Kinderzahnheilkunde. 2021; 43(1-2): 40
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108 Patient-Reported Testing Burden of Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging Among Women With Ductal Carcinoma In Situ
Soudabeh Fazeli, Bradley S. Snyder, Ilana F. Gareen, Constance D. Lehman, Seema A. Khan, Justin Romanoff, Constantine A. Gatsonis, Kathy D. Miller, Joseph A. Sparano, Christopher E. Comstock, Lynne I. Wagner, Ruth C. Carlos
JAMA Network Open. 2021; 4(11): e2129697
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109 Use of Race, Ethnicity, and National Origin in Studies Assessing Cardiovascular Risk in Women With a History of Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy
Amy Johnston, Victrine Tseung, Sonia R. Dancey, Sarah M. Visintini, Thais Coutinho, Jodi D. Edwards
CJC Open. 2021;
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110 Data-driven prediction of decannulation probability and timing in patients with severe acquired brain injury
Andrea Mannini, Bahia Hakiki, Piergiuseppe Liuzzi, Silvia Campagnini, Annamaria Romoli, Francesca Draghi, Claudio Macchi, Maria Chiara Carrozza
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine. 2021; 209: 106345
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111 A retrospective study of hypofractionated radiotherapy for keloids in 100 cases
Ping Wen, Taifang Wang, Yueling Zhou, Yue Yu, Chunli Wu
Scientific Reports. 2021; 11(1)
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112 Anesthetic Choice for Atrial Fibrillation Ablation: A National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry Analysis
Rachel S. Dada, J.W. Awori Hayanga, Kaitlin Woods, David Schwartzman, Dylan Thibault, Matthew Ellison, Stanley Schmidt, Donald Siddoway, Vinay Badhwar, Heather K. Hayanga
Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia. 2021; 35(9): 2600
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113 Parent-reported family impact in children and young adults with acquired brain injury in the outpatient rehabilitation setting
F. Allonsius, A.J. De Kloet, F. Van Markus-Doornbosch, J.J.L. Meesters, C.H. Kromme, T.P.M. Vliet Vlieland, M. Van Der Holst
Brain Injury. 2021; 35(5): 563
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114 Performance of prediction models for short-term outcome in COVID-19 patients in the emergency department: a retrospective study
Paul M. E. L. van Dam, Noortje Zelis, Sander M. J. van Kuijk, Aimée E. M. J. H. Linkens, Renée A. G. Brüggemann, Bart Spaetgens, Iwan C. C. van der Horst, Patricia M. Stassen
Annals of Medicine. 2021; 53(1): 402
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115 Cimicifuga racemosa isopropanolic extract for menopausal symptoms: an observational prospective case–control study
Maurizio Guida, Antonio Raffone, Antonio Travaglino, Daniele Neola, Sabrina Reppuccia, Maria Borgo, Clorinda Vitale, Andrea Limone, Pietro D’Alessandro, Giulia Massaro, Antonio Mollo
Gynecological Endocrinology. 2021; : 1
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116 Effects of detraining on cardiorespiratory fitness of individuals with chronic stroke
Amanda Santos Pereira, Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Ludmylla Ferreira Quintino, Sherindan Ayessa Ferreira de Brito, Raquel Rodrigues Britto, Christina Danielli Coelho de Morais Faria
Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation. 2021; 28(5): 321
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117 Characteristics of tianeptine effects reported to a poison control center: a growing threat to public health
William Rushton, Brian Whitworth, Julie Brown, Michael Kurz, Jessica Rivera
Clinical Toxicology. 2021; 59(2): 152
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118 Hematological and biochemical parameters as diagnostic and prognostic markers in SARS-COV-2 infected patients of Pakistan: a retrospective comparative analysis
Atiqa Khalid, Muhammad Ali Jaffar, Tabinda Khan, Raees Abbas Lail, Sana Ali, Gulali Aktas, Abdul Waris, Amnah Javaid, Nouman Ijaz, Nasir Muhammad
Hematology. 2021; 26(1): 529
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119 Health and Health Care Access Barriers Among Transgender Women Engaged in Sex Work: A Synthesis of U.S.-Based Studies Published 2005–2019
Neena K. Aggarwal, Katherine E. Consavage, Ida Dhanuka, Kesiah W. Clement, Katelyn Shahbazian, Jennifer H. Bouey
LGBT Health. 2021; 8(1): 11
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120 The Incubation Period Distribution of Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Hualei Xin, Jessica Y Wong, Caitriona Murphy, Amy Yeung, Sheikh Taslim Ali, Peng Wu, Benjamin J Cowling
Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2021;
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121 Compliance with the 4Ds of antimicrobial stewardship practice in a tertiary care centre
Diksha Dixit, Rajat Ranka, Prasan Kumar Panda
JAC-Antimicrobial Resistance. 2021; 3(3)
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122 Data Consult Service: Can we use observational data to address immediate clinical needs?
Anna Ostropolets, Philip Zachariah, Patrick Ryan, Ruijun Chen, George Hripcsak
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. 2021; 28(10): 2139
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123 Cervical Multifidus Morphology and Quality Are Not Associated with Clinical Variables in Women with Fibromyalgia: An Observational Study
Juan Antonio Valera-Calero, Edurne Úbeda-D'Ocasar, Mario Caballero-Corella, César Fernández-de-las-Peñas, Gracia María Gallego Sendarrubias, José Luis Arias-Buría
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124 The Long-Term Relationship Between Psychological Resilience, Psychosis, Distress, and Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors
Kamelia Harris, Gillian Haddock, Sarah Peters, Patricia Gooding
Schizophrenia Bulletin Open. 2021; 2(1)
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125 Characteristics of metachronous gastric neoplasms after curative endoscopic submucosal dissection for early gastric neoplasms
Shan-Shan Xu, Ning-Li Chai, Xiao-Wei Tang, En-Qiang Linghu, Sha-Sha Wang, Bao Li
Chinese Medical Journal. 2021; 134(21): 2603
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126 International Validation of the SORG Machine-learning Algorithm for Predicting the Survival of Patients with Extremity Metastases Undergoing Surgical Treatment
Ting-En Tseng, Chia-Che Lee, Hung-Kuan Yen, Olivier Q. Groot, Chun-Han Hou, Shin-Ying Lin, Michiel E. R. Bongers, Ming-Hsiao Hu, Aditya V. Karhade, Jia-Chi Ko, Yi-Hsiang Lai, Jing-Jen Yang, Jorrit-Jan Verlaan, Rong-Sen Yang, Joseph H. Schwab, Wei-Hsin Lin
Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research. 2021; Publish Ah
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127 Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing Using the Modified Balke Protocol in Fully Ambulatory People With Multiple Sclerosis
Corey D. Feasel, Brian M. Sandroff, Robert W. Motl
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal. 2021; 32(2): 57
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128 Predictive markers of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in lean patients. A multinomial regression model and a 2k factorial analysis
Emma Purón-González, Arnulfo González-Cantú, Edgar Ulises Coronado-Alejandro, Oswaldo Enrique Sánchez-Dávila, Héctor Cobos-Aguilar, Maria Elena Romero-Ibarguengoitia
European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology. 2021; 33(10): 1316
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129 The Effect of Smoking on the Postoperative Course After Head and Neck Reconstruction With a Vascularized Free Flap
Melisa Garip, Tomas-Marijn Croonenborghs, Michel Bila, Jan Jeroen Vranckx, Constantinus Politis
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. 2021; Publish Ah
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130 Outcomes of Vascular and Endovascular Interventions Performed During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic
Ruth A. Benson, Sandip Nandhra
Annals of Surgery. 2021; 273(4): 630
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131 Sport and physical activity participation in the workplace: the role of employees' self-perception
Yann Baup, Benedicte Vignal, Guillaume Bodet
International Journal of Workplace Health Management. 2021; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
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132 Suicidality and self-injury with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in youth: Occurrence, predictors and timing
Johanne Østerby Sørensen, Annette Rasmussen, Troels Roesbjerg, Frank C. Verhulst, Anne Katrine Pagsberg
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 2021;
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133 A prospective cohort study evaluating the impact of upscheduling codeine in Australia among frequent users of codeine
Jacqui McCoy, Suzanne Nielsen, Raimondo Bruno
Addiction. 2021;
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134 Aerobic reserve capacity in multiple sclerosis—Preliminary evidence
Corey D. Feasel, Brian M. Sandroff, Robert W. Motl
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica. 2021; 144(3): 260
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135 Organisation of services and systems of care in paediatric spinal cord injury rehabilitation in seven countries: a survey with a descriptive cross-sectional design
Wiebke Höfers, Vivien Jørgensen, Susanne Sällström, Kristine M. Vege, Mona Strøm, Peter W. New, Tamara Bushnik, Olga Zakharova, Tal Krasovsky, Dafna Guttman, Atheer Ghatasha, Liu Genlin, Chen Yang, Qin Yu-Xi, Kerstin Wahman, Katharina S. Sunnerhagen, Per Ertzgaard, Renat Sukhov, Marika Augutis, Johan K. Stanghelle, Kirsti S. Roaldsen
Spinal Cord. 2021;
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136 Knowledge gap across continents: the andrology and male infertility exposure among urology residents in the United States and Europe
Ramy Abou Ghayda, Diego M. Carrion, Juan Gomez Rivas, Francesco Esperto, Guglielmo Mantica, Moises E. Rodriguez-Socarras, Angelika Mattigk, Martin Kathrins, Michael O’Leary, Craig Niederberger
International Journal of Impotence Research. 2021; 33(6): 603
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137 The Female Pelvic Floor Fascia Anatomy: A Systematic Search and Review
Mélanie Roch, Nathaly Gaudreault, Marie-Pierre Cyr, Gabriel Venne, Nathalie J. Bureau, Mélanie Morin
Life. 2021; 11(9): 900
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138 ENT Residents Benefit from a Structured Operation Planning Approach in the Training of Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
Sven Becker, Phillipp Gonser, Magnus Haas, Martin Sailer, Matthias F. Froelich, Christian Betz, Hubert Löwenheim, Bernhard Hirt, Wieland H. Sommer, Martin Holderried, Benjamin P. Ernst
Medicina. 2021; 57(10): 1062
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139 Teaching during the Pandemic: A Comparison in Psychological Wellbeing among Smart Working Professions
Emanuela Mari, Giulia Lausi, Angelo Fraschetti, Alessandra Pizzo, Michela Baldi, Alessandro Quaglieri, Jessica Burrai, Benedetta Barchielli, Francesco Avallone, Anna Maria Giannini
Sustainability. 2021; 13(9): 4850
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140 High Resistance of Salmonella spp. and Shigella spp. in Blood and Stool Cultures from the Sukraraj Tropical and Infectious Disease Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal, 2015-2019
Anup Bastola, Prajjwal Pyakurel, Rajan Bikram Rayamajhi, Saugat Shrestha, Pruthu Thekkur, Basudev Pandey, Parmananda Bhandari, Anu Maharjan, Jeffrey K. Edwards
Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease. 2021; 6(2): 59
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141 Predictive Factors for Impaired Mental Health among Medical Students during the Early Stage of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Morocco
Hajar Essangri, Maria Sabir, Amine Benkabbou, Mohammed Anass Majbar, Laila Amrani, Abdelilah Ghannam, Brahim Lekehal, Raouf Mohsine, Amine Souadka
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2021; 104(1): 95
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142 Factors Affecting the Elderly's Quality of Life in the Middle East: A Systematic Review
Nasibeh Zanjari, Giti Bahrami, Mahsa Nouri Koochi, Zahra Aliakbarzade Arani
Journal of Education and Community Health. 2021; 8(2): 143
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143 Evaluation of Chlamydia trachomatis and HR-HPV infection in women living with HIV: a cross-sectional study
Sara Pereira Leite Lima, Caroline Alves de Oliveira Martins, Yara Lúcia Mendes Furtado de Melo, Svitrigaile Grinceviciene, Susana Cristina Aidé Viviani Fialho, Luisa Czeresnia Costa Bond, Luis Guillermo Coca Velarde, Isabel Cristina Chulvis Guimarães do Val
Jornal Brasileiro de Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis. 2021; 33
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144 Response of patients with acute respiratory failure caused by COVID-19 to awake-prone position outside the intensive care unit based on pulmonary involvement
João Manoel Silva, Ricardo Esper Treml, Pamela Cristina Golinelli, Miguel Rogério de Melo Gurgel Segundo, Pedro Ferro L. Menezes, Julilane Daniele de Almeida Umada, Ana Paula Santana Alves, Renata Peres Nabeshima, André dos Santos Carvalho, Talison Silas Pereira, Elaine Serafim Sponton
Clinics. 2021; 76
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145 Social determinants and behaviors associated with overweight and obesity among youth and adults in a peri-urban area of Maputo City, Mozambique
Ivalda Macicame, António Prista, Klaus G Parhofer, Nílzio Cavele, Cremildo Manhiça, Sheila Nhachungue, Elmar Saathoff, Eva Rehfuess
Journal of Global Health. 2021; 11
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146 Staples Versus Sutures for Skin Closure in Standard Four Port Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Prospective Cohort Study
Farhanul Huda, Bhargav Gajula, Sudhir Singh, Shashank Kumar, Manoj Joshua Lokavarapu, Durga Sowmya
Cureus. 2021;
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147 Acumination of professionalism
S Mahalaxmi, KV Anitha, K Rajkumar
Journal of Interdisciplinary Dentistry. 2020; 10(1): 1
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148 Common errors in proposals and dissertations and how to avoid them: A resident's guide
Osita Ede, CajetanU. Nwadinigwe, IheukoS. Ogbonnaya, GabrielO. Eyichukwu, ChukwuemekaB. Eze, AmechiU. Katchy, UgochukwuN. Enweani
Nigerian Journal of Medicine. 2020; 29(3): 533
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149 Zonulin-Dependent Intestinal Permeability in Children Diagnosed with Mental Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Birna Asbjornsdottir, Heiddis Snorradottir, Edda Andresdottir, Alessio Fasano, Bertrand Lauth, Larus S. Gudmundsson, Magnus Gottfredsson, Thorhallur Ingi Halldorsson, Bryndis Eva Birgisdottir
Nutrients. 2020; 12(7): 1982
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150 Adverse perinatal outcomes of chronic intervillositis of unknown etiology: an observational retrospective study of 122 cases
Aurélien Mattuizzi, Fanny Sauvestre, Gwenaëlle André, Marion Poingt, Camille Camberlein, Dominique Carles, Fanny Pelluard, Patrick Blanco, Loïc Sentilhes, Estibaliz Lazaro
Scientific Reports. 2020; 10(1)
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151 Risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes of late- and postterm pregnancies in advanced maternal age: A national cohort study
Joep C. Kortekaas, Brenda M. Kazemier, Judit K. J. Keulen, Aafke Bruinsma, Ben W. Mol, Frank Vandenbussche, Jeroen Van Dillen, Esteriek De Miranda
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. 2020; 99(8): 1022
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152 Movement Analysis with Inertial Measurement Unit Sensor After Surgical Treatment for Distal Radius Fractures
Benedetta Zucchi, Massimiliano Mangone, Francesco Agostini, Marco Paoloni, Luisa Petriello, Andrea Bernetti, Valter Santilli, Ciro Villani
BioResearch Open Access. 2020; 9(1): 151
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153 Patient-reported chronic pain after open inguinal hernia repair with lightweight or heavyweight mesh: a prospective, patient-reported outcomes study
M Melkemichel, S Bringman, H Nilsson, B Widhe
British Journal of Surgery. 2020; 107(12): 1659
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154 Optimizing Intraoperative Blood Pressure to Improve Outcomes in Living Donor Renal Transplantation
Kohei Kinoshita, Shigeyoshi Yamanaga, Akari Kaba, Kosuke Tanaka, Masatomo Ogata, Mika Fujii, Yuji Hidaka, Chiaki Kawabata, Mariko Toyoda, Soichi Uekihara, Masayuki Kashima, Akira Miyata, Akito Inadome, Takaaki Kobayashi, Hiroshi Yokomizo
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155 Lead and cadmium assessment in 54 Indian herbal medicines: traditional and marketed varieties—a questionable allegation!!
Swathy Vijayakumar, Anju Sugunanandan, VandanaRani Madhavan, James Chacko, Delvin Tozhuthumparambil Robin, Preeti Mohan
Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2020; 27(34): 43419
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156 Prevalence of high-risk sexual behavior among Iranian young people: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Malahat Khalili, Ali Mirzazadeh, Maryam Chegeni, Leili Abedi, Leila Rajaei, Gelayol Ardalan, AliAkbar Haghdoost, Naser Nasiri, Hamid Sharifi
Children and Youth Services Review. 2020; 119: 105526
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157 Metatarsal Head Resections in Diabetic Foot Patients: A Systematic Review
Irene Sanz-Corbalán, Aroa Tardáguila-García, Josep M. García-Alamino, Yolanda García-Álvarez, Francisco Javier Álvaro-Afonso, José Luis Lázaro-Martínez
Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(6): 1845
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158 Perceptions of Caring Behavior Among Undergraduate Nursing Students: A Three-Cohort Observational Study
Paola Ferri, Serena Stifani, Elena Morotti, Maria Nuvoletta, Loris Bonetti, Sergio Rovesti, Anna Cutino, Rosaria Di Lorenzo
Psychology Research and Behavior Management. 2020; Volume 13: 1311
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159 Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Validation of the Standardised Nordic Questionnaire Spanish Version in Musicians
Rosa Gómez-Rodríguez, Belén Díaz-Pulido, Carlos Gutiérrez-Ortega, Beatriz Sánchez-Sánchez, María Torres-Lacomba
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(2): 653
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160 Burnout in Palliative Care Nurses, Prevalence and Risk Factors: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis
Jose Luis Gómez-Urquiza, Luis Albendín-García, Almudena Velando-Soriano, Elena Ortega-Campos, Lucía Ramírez-Baena, María Jose Membrive-Jiménez, Nora Suleiman-Martos
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20): 7672
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161 Is prehospital use of active external warming dangerous for patients with accidental hypothermia: a systematic review
Sigurd Mydske, Øyvind Thomassen
Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine. 2020; 28(1)
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162 Efficacy of flurbiprofen axetil for preventing postanesthetic shivering in patients undergoing gynecologic laparotomy surgeries
Atsushi Kotera
JA Clinical Reports. 2020; 6(1)
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163 INFOMATAS multi-center systematic review and meta-analysis individual patient data of dynamic cerebral autoregulation in ischemic stroke
L Beishon, JS Minhas, R Nogueira, P Castro, C Budgeon, M Aries, S Payne, TG Robinson, RB Panerai
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164 Evaluation of the reporting quality of observational studies in master of public health dissertations in China
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BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2020; 20(1)
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165 Validation of the Moroccan arabic version of the low anterior resection syndrome score
Hajar Essangri, Mohammed Anass Majbar, Amine Benkabbou, Laila Amrani, Raouf Mohsine, Amine Souadka
BMC Gastroenterology. 2020; 20(1)
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166 Reference intervals of gestational sac, yolk sac, embryonic length, embryonic heart rate at 6–10?weeks after in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer
Yan Ouyang, Jiabi Qin, Ge Lin, Shuanglin Xiang, Xihong Li
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2020; 20(1)
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167 Decreased Vascular Patterning in the Retinas of Astronaut Crew Members as New Measure of Ocular Damage in Spaceflight-Associated Neuro-ocular Syndrome
Ruchi J. Vyas, Millennia Young, Matthew C. Murray, Marina Predovic, Shiyin Lim, Nicole M. Jacobs, Sara S. Mason, Susana B. Zanello, Giovanni Taibbi, Gianmarco Vizzeri, Patricia Parsons-Wingerter
Investigative Opthalmology & Visual Science. 2020; 61(14): 34
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168 Somatosensory and psychosocial profile of patients with painful temporomandibular joint clicking
Rodrigo Lorenzi Poluha, Giancarlo De la Torre Canales, Leonardo Rigoldi Bonjardim, Paulo César Rodrigues Conti
Journal of Oral Rehabilitation. 2020; 47(11): 1346
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169 Challenges in meta-analyses with observational studies
Silvia Metelli, Anna Chaimani
Evidence Based Mental Health. 2020; 23(2): 83
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170 Myomectomy associated blood transfusion risk and morbidity after surgery
Tana Kim, Mackenzie P. Purdy, Lauren Kendall-Rauchfuss, Elizabeth B. Habermann, Katherine A. Bews, Amy E. Glasgow, Zaraq Khan
Fertility and Sterility. 2020; 114(1): 175
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