Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 364-367

Cardioprotection with glucose insulin potassium (GIK) during non cardiac surgery in a patient with stress induced myocardial ischemia: A case report

1 Department of Acute Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland
2 Neuroscience, Neurosurgical Unit, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland
3 Department of Acute Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals; Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland

Correspondence Address:
Marc Licker
Department of Acute Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Geneva
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sja.sja_195_22

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The administration of glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) has demonstrated cardioprotective effects in cardiac surgery. A 58-year-old male with severe disabling back pain due to posterolateral lumbar pseudarthrosis was scheduled for spine surgery. He previously experienced two episodes of acute coronary syndrome that required percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). Coronary angiogram showed intrastent occlusions and multiple coronary lesions that were not suitable for percutaneous or surgical revascularization. During pharmacological stress imaging, myocardial ischemia developed in 19% of the ventricular mass and was reduced to 7% when GIK was administered. After anesthesia induction, the GIK solution was also infused and surgery was uneventful, with no signs of postoperative myocardial injury. Four days later, the patient was successfully discharged to a rehabilitation center. This is the first clinical report of GIK pretreatment during non-cardiac surgery in a patient with ischemic heart disease (IHD).

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